Hollier & Dufilho Family History
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Pierre Grasset

Pierre Grasset

Male - Aft 1756

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  • Name Pierre Grasset  [1, 2
    Born France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died Aft 21 Sep 1756  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I1068  Hollier & Dufilho
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 

    Family Isabeau Caudou,   d. Aft 12 Sep 1756, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Y  [3, 4
    Children 
    +1. Pierre Grasset Latour,   b. Abt 1720, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1793, Bergerac, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 72 years)  []
    Last Modified 14 May 2017 19:36:46 
    Family ID F362  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - - France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Aft 21 Sep 1756 - France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Flags
    Aquitaine France
    Aquitaine France

  • Notes 
    • The information about Pierre Grasset/Isabeau Cordeau family comes from the marriage contract between their son Pierre Grasset Latour and Marie Bontemps agreed upon at Bergerac in 1756.

      In 1998, Professional genealogist Martine Duhamel found no further birth or marriage information for the Pierre Grasset/Isabeau Caudou family. This supports the likely supposition that they were Protestants for whom there would be no documentation in the Catholic Church records of the period.

      The Edict of Nantes, issued by Henri IV in 1598 had granted religious freedom in France. However, in 1685 his grandson Louis XIV repealed this freedom with the Edict of Fontainebleau. This revocation of the Edict of Nantes outlawed what Louis called the "Religion Prétendument Réformée" (the Allegedly Reformed Religion) and ordered the destruction of Protestant places of worship. A subsequent series of royal declarations issued between 1698 and 1715 created a web of particularly repressive statutes against Protestants. These laws were affirmed by Louis IV in a declaration given at Versailles on 14 May 1724, in which the king forbade all his subjets:

      "[D]e faire aucun exercice de religion autre que de ladite Religion catholique et de s'assembler pour cet effet en aucun lieu et sous quelque prétexte que ce puisse être, à peine contre les hommes des galères perpétuelles ; et contre les femmes d'être rasées et enfermées pour toujours dans les lieux que nos juges estimeront à propos, avec confiscation des biens des uns et des autres, même à peine de mort contre ceux qui se seront assemblez en armes. [to exercise any religion other than the Catholic religion and to not assemble for this purpose in any place and under whatever pretext, the penalty being for men to the galleys for life, and for women to be shorn and locked forever in places that judges deem fit, with confiscation of their property, even the death penalty against those who assemble in arms.]"

      Article 2 punished preachers with the death penalty, forbade anyone from giving them sanctuary; it was obligatory to denounce them.

      Article 3 required the parents to have their children baptized within 24 hours of birth by the local priest, and articles 4 to 7 mandated raising the children as Catholics.

      Articles 15 to 17 reaffirmed the formalities prescribed by the Catholic Church for marriage and marriage banns and the obligation to be married by the parish priest.

      In this milieu, Protestants did not have the opportunity to worship freely, have marital status (leading to their children being potentially labeled as "bâtards"), or even hold certain occupations such as physician, printer or bookseller where licensing depended on a certificate of Catholicity.

      In parts of the Aquitaine region, Catholics accounted for only about one-thirtieth of population in 1685. Even after 85 years of conversion efforts, Catholics would number no more than half the population. Despite their numbers, Protestants generally abandoned themselves to a fatalistic passivity toward Catholicism; there was no armed revolt as happened elsewhere in France. However, in 1742 a first assembly of the Protestant faithful “au desert” took place in the Bergerac area.

      The notion of "le culte au desert," worship in the wilderness, had Biblical underpinnings in Hosea 2:16-17, "Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness and speak comfortably to her". Protestant assemblies in the countryside of up to 6,000 participants show an organized community and a renewal of faith. Even so, baptisms and marriages performed by itinerant preachers remained unrecognized by the State and patently illegal.

      Thus, as Protestants in 18th century France, the Grasset Latour family likely faced many troubles for the practice of their faith.

  • Sources 
    1. [S450] Duhamel, Martine, "Étude généalogique: la famille Grasset-Latour" (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S451] Zeutenhorst, Richard, LaTour-Zeutenhorst Family History, entry for Pierre Grasset, http://www.lazeut.com/genweb2/getperson.php?personID=I4145&tree=arbre1, modified 12 Apr 2012, accessed 26 May 2012.

    3. [S451] Zeutenhorst, Richard, LaTour-Zeutenhorst Family History, entry for Isabeau Caudou, http://www.lazeut.com/genweb2/getperson.php?personID=I4146&tree=arbre1, modified 12 Apr 2012 , accessed 26 May 2012.

    4. [S450] Duhamel, Martine, "Étude généalogique: la famille Grasset-Latour".